Use old magazines, comics or greetings cards.
Cut out pictures of animals, or anything else your child is interested in. Label the animals 1 to 5 and then beyond. Shuffle the animals. Put them in order from 1 to 10. Remove one animal. Ask your child which number is missing. Repeat with other numbers and more than one missing number. Ask your child to say what number comes before or after a number you choose. When your child can do this, repeat with numbers 1 to 20.
Use a ‘dotted’ dice and write the numbers 1 to 6 on a sheet of paper. Throw the dice. Can your child guess how many dots there are? Check by counting. Ask your child which number on the paper matches the dots on the dice.
For this game you need a dice, a coin and some building blocks or Lego bricks. Take turns to roll the dice. Build a tower with that number of blocks or bricks. Then toss the coin. Heads means take one brick off. Tails means add one on. If you can guess how many bricks there will be after this, you keep them! The first to collect 20 bricks or more wins!
Practise counting. Start at 5, and count on from there to 11. Start at 9, count back from there to zero. Choose a different starting number each time.
Ask your child to help you sort a food cupboard out, putting heavier items on the lower shelf and lighter items on an upper shelf. Using the fruit bowl, I have 3 apples and 2 bananas, how much fruit do we have? There were 6 carrots on your plate, how many are there now? Can you use the vegetables to make a repeating pattern? Potato, carrot, onion, potato, carrot, onion. Can you order the food shopping by height?
Cut out 12 shapes. Make 3 triangles, 3 squares, 3 rectangles and 3 circles. Take turns to roll a dice and collect a shape that has that number of sides, e.g. roll a 4, collect a square. The first to have four different shapes wins. If you can name each shape you go first next time!
Playing adding games with playing cards, turning two over and working out how many altogether. Snakes and ladders or other simple dice games, for number recognition and counting on. Bingo, with numbers or shapes Hopscotch.